Awareness Regarding Domestic Violence Among Reproductive Age Women

  • Gayatri Rana Associate Professor and Head of Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Rajan Shrestha Senior Medical Laboratory Technologist, National Reference Laboratory Chitwan, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Abstract

Background: Violence is a significant public health, human rights and human development problem. The objective was to find out awareness regarding domestic violence among reproductive-age women.

Methods:  A cross-sectional research design was adopted and a total of 100 reproductive-age women were selected by purposive sampling technique in Devchuli municipality -1, Nawalparasi from 27 July to 31 July 2015. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive (Frequency, percentage, median & quartile) and inferential statistics (Chi-square) was used to analyze data.

Results: There was a significant association between the level of awareness regarding domestic violence and caste: Dalit (p=0.002) and religion (p=0.019). Hinduism were 3.165 (OR) & 4.210 (AOR) times more likely to have awareness regarding domestic violence than Non-Hinduism, at {OR (p=0.023) & AOR (p=0.136) respectively}. Significant with level of education (p=0.005), reproductive age women who had basic level education were 1.111 (OR) & 1.319 (AOR) times more likely and who had secondary level were 0.867 & 0.921 times less likely to have awareness regarding domestic violence than women with non formal education, which was  statistically not significant {OR (p=0.869) & AOR (p=0.750) and significant at OR (p=0.014) & AOR (p=0.021) respectively}; significant with family income (p=0.023), reproductive age women who had family income sufficient to eat for >1 year and surplus were 2.627 (OR) & 2.494 (AOR) times more likely to have awareness regarding domestic violence than sufficient to eat up to 1 year, at {OR (p=0.024) & AOR (p=0.218) respectively}; and significant with not involved in woman group/organization/political party (p=<0.001), reproductive age women who had not involved in woman group/organization/political party were 7.667 (OR) & 6.958 (AOR) times more likely to have awareness regarding domestic violence than who involved, which was statistically significant {OR (p=<0.001) & AOR (p=0.021) respectively}.   

Conclusion: Half of the reproductive age women have good awareness regarding domestic violence. There is a significant association between level of awareness and caste, religion, level of education, family income and not involved in woman group/organization/political party. To improve awareness in women, women should be involved in woman group/organization/political party/awareness programme. 

Keywords: Awareness, Domestic violence, Reproductive age women

DOI: http://doi.org/10.3126/jkahs.v2i2.25170

Published
2019-08-13
How to Cite
Rana, G., & Shrestha, R. (2019). Awareness Regarding Domestic Violence Among Reproductive Age Women. Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, 2(2). Retrieved from https://jkahs.org.np/jkahs/index.php/jkahs/article/view/71