Causes of Infertility amongst Couples Visited at Infertility Centre Kathmandu, Nepal

  • Pratima Neupane Lecturer, Department of Community Medicine, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences (KAHS)
  • Deepak Sharma Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, KAHS
  • Prem Prasad Panta Associate Professor of Biostatistics, KAHS
  • Bijaya Aryal Professor, Department of Pharmacology, KAHS
  • Tarun Poudel Professor, Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, KAHS
  • Kapil Amgain Assistant Professor and Head of Department of Clinical Anatomy and Cell Biology, KAHS


Introduction: Infertility is being a common global problem affecting one couple in six.  Approximately 167 million ever-married women aged 15-49 years in developing countries were infertile. The problem of infertility has not given attention considering the fact that it is not life-threatening, but, it has substantial community health problems such as depression, anxiety domestic violence and social isolation. The purpose of the study was to explore the causes of infertility among couples who visited the infertility centre.

Methodology: Hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study had been carried out in infertility centre Kathmandu Nepal. One hundred and sixty-five married couple with infertility problem availing the infertility treatment was selected on first come first serve basic sampling method from the infertility treatment centre.

Result: The infertility problem varied with the age. The problem was highest among the females of age group 26-30 years (51%), similarly, in males, it was predominant at the age of 31-35 years (45%). The most common causes of female infertility were ovarian cyst (37%) and heavy bleeding (18.7%), uterine fibroids (9%), Pelvic inflammation (9%), Thyroid disease (21.8%), whereas in males the infertility was mostly due to Oligospermia (17.5%), Azoospermia (5.5%), Hydrocele (7.8), Mumps orchids (6%). 

Conclusion: Infertility was due to various causes in the male or/and the female partner, however, infertility among couples were mostly due to the problem in females. Infertility is a complex problem that should be considered carefully by the individual, community peoples, government and stakeholders in each country.

Keywords: Male Fertility, Female Fertility, Causes, Couple, Infertility, Ovarian Cyst


How to Cite
Neupane P, Sharma D, Panta P, Aryal B, Poudel T, Amgain K. Causes of Infertility amongst Couples Visited at Infertility Centre Kathmandu, Nepal. JKAHS [Internet]. 13Aug.2019 [cited 30May2020];2(2). Available from:
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