Effect of Index of Conciousness (Ioc2) Monitoring on Remifentanil Dosage During Desflurane Anesthsia: A Randomized Trial
Background: Our study investigated the effects of IOC2 index monitoring on remifentanil dosage during desflurane anaesthesia. The objective of this study was to compare the intra-operative events and recovery characteristics between remifentanil adjusted by IOC2 monitoring guidelines versus remifentanil adjusted by clinical experience according to fluctuation in blood pressure and heart rate during desflurane anaesthesia.
Methods: Total of 50 consecutive patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status I and II, aged 18-65 years, BMI 18-30 kg/m2 undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under desflurane anaesthesia were enrolled. The patients were randomized and allocated into 2 groups, group T (Trial group=25) and group C (control group=25) using a sealed envelope method. The infusion rate of remifentanil was adjusted according to IOC2 monitoring guideline between 30 to 50 in Group T whereas the infusion rate of remifentanil is adjusted by clinical experience according to fluctuation in blood pressure in group C. Remifentanil dose, adjustment frequency, infusion duration, intraoperative events, and quality of anesthetic recovery were compared between the two groups.
Results: Mean dose, as well as the adjustment frequency of remifentanil, was significantly higher in group-T in compared with group C (0.1376±0.0268 vs0.0956±0.0223mcg/kg/min and 5.19±1.97vs1.7±0.57times/ surgery, P<0.05). IOC2 value at the time of skin incision, at the time of gall bladder resection and at the time of skin suture was significantly different between two groups (all P-value <0.05). Although apparent differences in frequencies of hypotension, bradycardia, hypertension, the total number of patients with intraoperative events were not statistically different between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Both groups had similar voluntary eye-opening time, extubation time, emergence agitation, residual sedation 1 and 10 minutes after extubation, postoperative vomiting and NRS score ( in PACU and 24 hours after extubation (all P > 0.05).
Conclusion: IOC2 data was significantly high when opioid adjusted by clinical experience. The dose of opioid used according to IOC2( 30-50) monitoring guideline utilized higher dose in compared with the dose used by clinical experience however, the intraoperative hemodynamic and recovery characteristics was unchanged. Hence, application of IOC2 monitoring might be beneficial to adjust the analgesic depth.
Keywords: IOC2 monitoring, Remifentanil, Desflurane, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy